Anne Caroline Salisbury: The Maternal Lineage of British Royalty Anne Caroline Salisbury: The Maternal Lineage of British Royalty

Anne Caroline Salisbury: The Maternal Lineage of British Royalty

Anne Caroline Salisbury (1805-1881) holds a significant place in British history as the wife of Edwyn Burnaby and the mother of Edwyn Sherard Burnaby and Caroline Louisa Burnaby. Her direct maternal lineage extends to Queen Elizabeth the Queen Mother, Queen Elizabeth II, and King Charles III. In this article, we delve into the life and ancestry of Anne Caroline Salisbury, tracing her roots and exploring her contributions to the British royal family.

Early Life and Ancestry

Anne Caroline Salisbury was born on the 15th of December, 1805 in Fordington, Dorset. Her father, Thomas Salisbury, was a solicitor from Marshfield House in Settle, West Riding of Yorkshire, and her mother, Frances Webb, was the daughter of Francis Webb and Mary Garritt. Through her paternal lineage, Anne Caroline Salisbury’s ancestry can be traced back to Thomas Salisbury and Mary Lister.

Marriage and Family Life

On the 29th of August, 1829, Anne Caroline Salisbury married Edwyn Burnaby, an English landowner from Baggrave Hall, Leicestershire. Edwyn Burnaby held esteemed positions as a Justice of the Peace, Deputy Lieutenant, and High Sheriff of Leicestershire in 1864. He also succeeded his father in the Court post of Gentleman of the Privy chamber.

Anne and Edwyn Burnaby were blessed with several children who played significant roles in British society:

  • Edwyn Sherard Burnaby (1830-1883): Edwyn Sherard Burnaby was a prominent figure in the military and politics. He served as a general and Member of Parliament, leaving a lasting impact on the nation.
  • Caroline Louisa Burnaby (1832-1918): Caroline Louisa Burnaby married Charles Cavendish-Bentinck, becoming the matrilineal great-grandmother of Queen Elizabeth II and the great-great-grandmother of King Charles III. Her lineage connects directly to the current British royal family.
  • Cecilia Florence Burnaby (d. 1869): Cecilia Florence Burnaby entered matrimony with George Onslow Newton, forming a union that contributed to the family’s legacy.
  • Gertrude Laura Burnaby (d. 1865): Gertrude Laura Burnaby married Ernest Vaughan, the 5th Earl of Lisburne, thereby cementing her place within the British aristocracy.
  • Ida Charlotte Burnaby (1839-1886): Ida Charlotte Burnaby married John Augustus Conolly. Notably, she resided at 50 Eaton Place, London, shortly before her passing on the 3rd of May, 1881.

Legacy and Influence

Anne Caroline Salisbury’s significance lies in her direct maternal connection to British royalty. As the great-grandmother of Queen Elizabeth, The Queen Mother, the great-great-grandmother of Queen Elizabeth II, and the great-great-great-grandmother of King Charles III, her lineage continues to shape the British monarchy.

The contributions of Anne Caroline Salisbury, her husband Edwyn Burnaby, and their descendants have left an indelible mark on British society. Their achievements in politics, military service, and social standing have contributed to the rich tapestry of British history.


Anne Caroline Salisbury, born in 1805, played a pivotal role in shaping the maternal lineage of the British royal family. Through her marriage to Edwyn Burnaby and the subsequent births of her children, she established a connection that extends to Queen Elizabeth the Queen Mother, Queen Elizabeth II, and King Charles III. Anne Caroline Salisbury’s impact, both as an individual and through her descendants, remains an integral part of British history.

As we reflect on her life and ancestry, we gain a deeper understanding of the intricate connections that bind the British royal family together. Anne Caroline Salisbury’s legacy serves as a reminder of the enduring influence of lineage and the importance of preserving historical connections for generations to come.